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科学60秒:这个简单的练习就能提升自控力

时间: 2020年07月06日 | 作者: Admin | 来源: 领研网(linkresearcher.com)


 [听力全文]


We’ve all had that moment: you wanna punch some jerk right in the face. So, what stops us? Well, simply put, self-control.

 

But it turns out each of us has a limited quantity of self-control. Past studies have shown, for example, that stopping yourself from taking a cookie for about an hour is likely to increase your aggression later that day.

 

And there are tricks to increase our stash of control. A new study shows you can practice it, as one would practice any new skill,


For two weeks researchers had subjects use their non-dominant hand for daily tasks: navigating a computer mouse, drinking coffee, etcetera. The tasks require constant self-control, because they were restraining their natural inclinations.  

 

And the scientists found that for those who practiced their self-control skills also controlled their aggression better than others who had not participated in the exercise. The study is in the journal Current Directions in Psychological Science.

 

So we can increase our capacity for self-control. And the way we do that doesn’t have to be as drastic as using your non-dominant hand. The researchers say even committing to keeping your posture straight can also keep you from punching out that jerk.

 

—Christie Nicholson



 [重难点词汇、短语]


stash: n. 藏匿物



 [参考译文]


我们都有过想扇某人一巴掌的冲动,那又是什么制止了我们?嗯,很简单,自控能力。


但事实上,我们的自控能力相当有限。例如,过去研究表明,你要是克制自己一小时内不吃小饼干,那么这一天接下来的时候你的暴躁情绪就会加重。


现在,有些小技巧能够增强你潜在的自控能力。一项研究表明,人人都能练习,就像学习任何新技巧一样。


研究人员用了两周的时间,让受试者使用他们的非惯用手来完成日常任务:用鼠标、喝咖啡等等。任务需要始终如一的自我控制,因为受试者不能用回他们的惯用手。


科学家们发现,那些练习自控小技巧的人还会比不练习的人更好地控制自己的暴脾气。研究发表在《心理科学当前趋势》(Current Directions in Psychological Science)杂志上。


所以,我们是能够增强自己的自控能力的。当然,方法不一定要和使用非惯用手一样极端。研究人员说,只要时时保持身体挺直,就能让你遏制住想打人的冲动。


翻译 阿金