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科学60秒:明星找对象,也会看学历

时间: 2020年06月05日 | 作者: Admin | 来源: 领研网(linkresearcher.com)


 [听力全文]


The tabloids love a good celebrity romance. But so do scientists. One has even used movie stars as models for understanding why people tend to marry partners with similar levels of education. The star-studded study appears in the Journal of Human Capital. [Gustaf Bruze, "Marriage Choices of Movie Stars: Does Spouse’s Education Matter?"]


There are any number of reasons why individuals might wed their academic equals. The simplest being that they actually meet each other in school. It could also be that people with similar educational backgrounds wind up side by side in the workplace. Or maybe we’re more comfortable with someone whose earning potential is in our ballpark. 


To sort through the possibilities, Gustaf Bruze, an economist in Denmark, looked to the Big Screen. Thespians, he found, also tend to marry people with the same level of learning. So Tom Cruise and Katie Holmes each have formal education equivalent to completion of high school.


Now, actors don’t usually meet their partners in school, and they’re not cast in movies based on their diplomas. Nor does their education level correlate with their box office earnings. So it can’t be about happenstance or about finance. Maybe it’s just that people with the same sort of education like the same movies—in this case, the ones they’re in.


—Karen Hopkin



 [重难点词汇、短语]


tabloid: n. 八卦小报

star-studded: adj. 繁星点点的;明星荟萃的

ballpark: n. 可变通范围

thespian: n. 演员

happenstance: n. 偶然情况



 [参考译文]


八卦小报偏爱报道明星的浪漫爱情故事,科学家其实对这些也很感兴趣,甚至有研究人员用电影明星作为模型,了解人们为什么倾向于与与自己教育程度相近的人结婚。这篇“星光熠熠”的研究发表在《人力资本杂志》(Journal of Human Capital)上。


出于各种原因,人们可能会和自己教育水平相当的人结婚:最简单的理由就是他们可能在学校里就遇见彼此了;也有可能这些拥有相似教育背景的人最终也进入了同一家公司;又或许是,和收入潜力与自己相近的人相处时,我们感到更加舒适。


为了对各种可能性进行分类,丹麦经济学家古斯塔夫·布鲁兹(Gustaf Bruze)将目光投向了大荧幕。他发现,演员们也倾向于和同等教育水平的人结婚。所以汤姆·克鲁斯(Tom Cruise)和前妻凯蒂·霍尔姆斯(Katie Holmes)的教育水平都相当于正规的高中毕业水平。 


如今,演员们通常不会在学校里遇见自己的另一半,也不会基于自己的文凭去参加电影试镜,他们的教育水平和电影票房收入也不挂钩。所以,这种现象和偶然巧合或者财务状况没有关系。也许,只是因为相似教育背景的人会喜欢同一类电影,而对于明星而言,则是他们出演的电影。


翻译 阿金