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科学60秒:醉酒能提高存活率?

时间: 2020年05月29日 | 作者: Admin | 来源: 领研网(linkresearcher.com)


 [听力全文]


Being drunk might make you more accident prone, but it also increases your chance of survival. Research published in the journal American Surgeon reveals that trauma patients are more likely to survive if they were intoxicated at the time of their injury.


A retrospective study of nearly 8,000 trauma patients found that seven percent of people who came in sober died of their injuries, while those who were hurt while drunk only died one percent of the time. A positive blood alcohol level seemed to increase the likelihood of survival, even after the researchers took into account the age of the patient and the severity of the injury. Trauma patients who came in to the hospital drunk were discharged sooner, too.


Exactly how alcohol protects the injured is still not clear. But a past study on animals did find that ethanol protected against nerve damage. The new work hints that alcohol might have a place in treating traumatic injuries, although more research is needed. In the meantime, avoiding trauma in the first place is still the strategy one might call most sober.


—Rachel Kremen



 [重难点词汇、短语]


trauma: n. 精神创伤;外伤;痛苦经历

intoxicated: adj. 喝醉的;极度兴奋的 



 [参考译文]


醉酒可能会让你更容易出事故,但它也会增加你的生存几率。发表在《美国外科医生》(American Surgeon)杂志上的一项研究显示,如果创伤患者在受伤时喝醉了酒,就更有可能活下来。


一项对近8000名创伤患者的回顾性研究发现,入院时清醒的患者中,有7%的人死于创伤,而在醉酒状态下受伤的患者,只有1%死于创伤。即使在研究人员考虑了患者的年龄和创伤严重程度后,血液中阳性的酒精含量似乎也能增加患者的生存几率。而且,入院时醉酒的创伤病人也能在更短时间内出院。


酒精对创伤患者的保护原理尚不清楚。但过去的一项动物研究确实发现,乙醇可以保护机体免受神经损伤。这项研究的启发则是,酒精或许能在创伤治疗中起到作用,尽管这还需要更多深入的研究。与此同时,最理智的做法还是从一开始就避免创伤。 


翻译 页一