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科学60秒:想提高创造力?动动眼睛就能行

时间: 2020年05月07日 | 作者: Admin | 来源: 领研网(linkresearcher.com)


图片来源:Pexels


发表在《大脑与认知》杂志上的一项研究发现,在增强大脑左右半球之间的互动时,人们可以提高自己原创想法的数量和质量。


 [听力全文]

The formula for creative thinking is pretty elusive, but scientists have a few evidence-based clues. While the brain’s right hemisphere gets most of the credit for thinking outside the box, evidence shows that a collaborative effort between the right and left hemispheres may bring the best results.


Scientists say that it is the fixed rules of the left hemisphere that keeps a logical check on the broad brainstorming of the right hemisphere. So you wind up with super creative, yet practical, ideas.


In fact, a study published this week in the journal Brain and Cognition shows that when you boost the level of communication between the right and left hemispheres your creativity increases.


Sixty-two subjects performed a creativity task, where they had to come up with as many alternate uses for common objects like, a paper clip, pencil, shoe, etc. as they could in one minute.


After this initial task researchers asked subjects to move their eyes to follow a target as it moved horizontally left to right for 30 seconds. This exercise is thought to increase the cross-talk between the hemispheres.


Then the subjects completed the creative task again. Results were surprising. Subjects came up with significantly more unique uses for the everyday items, than the control group who stared straight ahead.


So when brainstorming ideas for that new Thanksgiving dish or the name of your unborn son, maybe try bilateral eye movement which, in the words of science, increases your inter-hemispheric interaction, and in turn increases your options.


—Christie Nicholson



 [重难点词汇、短语]


wind up: 结束;以……告终

bilateral: adj. 双边的;两侧的



 [参考译文]


激发创造性思维的方法相当难以捉摸,但科学家还是找到了一些实证有效的线索。虽然负责打破常规思维的主要是大脑右半球,但有证据表明,大脑左右半球间协同合作可能会带来最好的结果。

 

大脑的左右半球存在一种既定的规则,那就是左半球会对右半球发散性的头脑风暴进行逻辑检验,科学家表示,正因如此你才会冒出创意非凡而又实际可行的想法。

 

事实上,发表在《大脑与认知》(Brain and Cognition)杂志上的一项研究表明,当增强大脑左右半球之间的交流程度时,你的创造力就会增强。

 

研究人员找来62名受试者完成一项创造性的任务:必须在一分钟内尽可能多地想出常见物品(比如回形针、铅笔、鞋子等)的其它用途。

 

在完成了这个初始任务之后,研究人员要求受试者转动他们的眼睛,跟随一个目标物从左到右水平移动30秒。此前的研究认为这种练习可以增加大脑半球之间的交流。

 

然后,受试者又执行了一次创造性任务。结果令人惊讶,相比只是看着前方的对照组,左右动眼的受试者想出了明显更多的日常用品独特用途。

 

所以,当你绞尽脑汁思考着五一去哪玩,或者给未来的孩子起名字的时候,不妨试试左右转动双眼的方法,从科学的角度来讲,它可以增加你大脑半球之间的互动,从而增加你想出的选项数量。


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